When President Franklin Roosevelt was reined in by . . .

By The Jefferson Allegiance and his best friend and aide. A document brokered by Jefferson and Hamilton against the future threat of a president run amok. That’s the core idea of the book. Most of it is a thriller set present day to track down the Allegiance, but there are flashbacks to when just the threat of it stopped presidents. Here is the fourth:

18 February 1945

President Roosevelt sat at his friend’s deathbed, aware that soon someone would be sitting by his.  He felt the slightest movement through the wheels of his chair.  The USS Quincy, named after the birthplace of two Presidents, was one of the new Baltimore Class cruisers churned out by the United States since the start of World War II.  The sea off the coast of Algiers had minimal effect against its heavy metal sides.

The man in the bed, Major General Watson, had been by Roosevelt’s side through the entire war.  To lose him now, with the end in sight, deeply saddened Roosevelt, sapping the satisfaction from the accomplishments of the past three weeks.  Via the Quincy he’d met Churchill in Malta on the 2nd of February, Stalin and Churchill at Yalta after that, then King Farouk, Emperor Haile Selassie and Saudi Arabian King Ibn Saud on the Great Bitter Lake a few days ago. 

Watson had collapsed after they passed through the Suez Canal and not regained consciousness, nor was he likely to according to Roosevelt’s personal doctor.  Roosevelt’s hope was that his friend would last until they got back to the States so that he could accompany him back to his home, adjacent to Monticello in Virginia.  Roosevelt had stayed at Watson’s Retreat at Kenwood numerous times during his presidency, often making the quarter mile journey next door to Jefferson’s house in the company of Ed Watson and his wife.

The hatch to the cabin swung open and General Marshall came inside, securing the heavy metal door behind him. 

“George,” Roosevelt acknowledged.

“Mister President.”  Marshall came over and looked down at Watson.  “No change?”

“I am afraid not.”

“The Ambassadors will be on board shortly,” Marshall said.  “Your briefing for them is prepared.”

The last thing Roosevelt felt like was another meeting.  But briefing his ambassadors to the United Kingdom, France and Italy, on the agreement at Yalta was imperative.  “I’ll be ready.”  His hands were gripping the arms of his wheelchair.  “I’ve known Ed a long time.”

Marshall took a chair from the tiny desk in the cabin and settled his bulk into it.  “He was in Washington on and off for decades.  Wasn’t he an aide to President Wilson?”

Roosevelt felt uncomfortable discussing Ed as if he were not here.  “He’s been with me since thirty-three,” Roosevelt murmured.  “Longer than anyone else except Eleanor.”

“I was talking with General Watson last week about something interesting,” Marshall said.

Something in the General of the Army’s tone roused Roosevelt out of his melancholy.  “And that was?”

Marshall leaned back in the metal chair and waited as ship’s orders were broadcast throughout the cruiser, and then relative silence fell once more.  “In ancient Rome when a general or emperor won a great victory, there would be a Triumph in Rome when they returned.  A great procession into the city to celebrate the victory.”

Marshall paused, then continued.  “General Watson reminded me of something.  He said that the victorious leader, riding in a chariot, had a slave standing behind him.  The slave held a wreath over his head and whispered in his ear:  ‘Respice post te!  Hominen te esse memento.’”

“My Latin is rusty,” Roosevelt said dryly.  

“It means:  ‘Look behind you!  Remember that you are but a man.’”

“A warning,” Roosevelt said, arching an eyebrow.

“A reminder,” Marshall said mildly.  “Your cousin, Teddy, made a promise in nineteen-oh-four, not to run again in oh-eight.  He kept that promise.  But he did run in nineteen twelve under his own Bull Moose platform.  He won all but two of the Republican Primaries, but still lost the nomination at the convention.  Have you ever wondered why he lost that nomination?”

“My cousin and I were never on such an intimate level of discourse.”

Marshall nodded toward the figure in the bed.  “You know General Watson is one of the Philosophers, of course?”

Roosevelt put a hand on the left wheel of his chair and pulled back, turning to face the head of the Armed Forces.  “Yes.”

“He told me that your cousin lost the nomination because the Philosophical Society opposed him.”

“But Teddy still ran on his own ticket,” Roosevelt pointed out.  “Damn near won it all because he was supported by the Cincinnatians.  Most votes anyone outside of the two parties has ever received.  Beat out the Republican candidate who’d been nominated.”

“But he didn’t win.  Wilson did.”

Roosevelt glanced at the man in the bed, then back at the man in the chair.  “True.”

“You’ve been elected four times,” Marshall said.  “Twice as much as any other President.  You got us through the Depression and through the war.  The end is in sight.”

“It is,” Roosevelt agreed, waiting for the bottom line, knowing that Marshall was maneuvering the way a politician would, not a general.  Roosevelt also knew that the five star general was telling him what Watson would have, if he could.  Those trips to Monticello had not been without their lessons.

Marshall continued.  “In thirty-nine, despite the country’s neutrality, you declared a state of limited national emergency.  There is no such term in the Constitution or even in subsequent laws passed by Congress.  In March of nineteen forty-one, you got Congress to pass the Lend-Lease program.”

Roosevelt pulled out his cigarette holder and loaded it.  “Are you telling me my accomplishments or my crimes?”

“Both.”

Roosevelt chuckled.  “Do you know how I got Lend-Lease through Congress?”  He didn’t wait for an answer.  “I had my people push it through while sixty-five House Democrats were at a luncheon.”

Marshall didn’t seem to appreciate the humor.  He continued.  “In May of forty-one, when we still weren’t at war, you dropped the ‘limited’ from the state of emergency and declared a state of unlimited national emergency.  Under this, you could, and did, organize and control the means of production, seized commodities, deployed military forces abroad, imposed martial law, seized property, controlled all transportation and communication, regulated the operation of private enterprise, and restricted travel.”

Roosevelt spread his hands as an innocent man would.  “Would you have preferred I had not done those things?” 

Marshall pulled a lighter out and lit the President’s cigarette as he brought it to his lips.  “No, sir.  They were necessary to win the war.”

“And I told Ed that I’d restore all our liberties as soon as the war is over.”

“Yes, sir,” Marshall agreed.  “And that is why the Philosophers have not taken action despite the unconstitutionality of many of your actions.  The Jefferson Allegiance remains in check.”

“So what is the problem?” Roosevelt asked, more sharply than he intended.

Marshall went over and swung open one of the small portholes to let fresh air in.  “The recent conferences, sir.”

“I thought they went quite well.”

Marshall blinked.  “Sir.  Stalin is a thug.  A despot.  You and Churchill handed him Eastern Europe on a platter.”

“He promised to hold elections,” Roosevelt said.  “More importantly, even you agreed that we need the Russians for the final invasion of Japan.”

“I do agree with you on that,” Marshall allowed.  “But it went too far.  You gave up Poland.  You agreed that citizens of Poland and Russia would be repatriated whether they wanted to or not.  You gave Stalin practically everything he wanted.”

“Stalin agreed to join the United Nations once we form it,” Roosevelt countered.

Marshall appeared not to hear.  “And the meeting with King Ibn Saud.  Sir, there are great strategic implications in the Middle East for the future.  Both in terms of the displaced Jews, but more importantly, the oil.  Japan went to war with us when we embargoed their oil.  The Germans went into Russia for the oilfields.  Oil is the key.  I fear we’re setting up problems that are going to take generations to untangle.”

“You say ‘we,’” Roosevelt noted, “but you mean me.”

“Yes, sir.”

Roosevelt nodded ruefully.  “Do you think I don’t know that?”  He nodded toward the comatose General in the bed.  “I hope I go quickly.”

“Sir, Stalin took too much away from Yalta.  And Ibn Saud too much from the Great Bitter Lake conference.”

“We need the Russians for Japan—“ Roosevelt began, but Marshall leaned forward and whispered. 

“Sir.  We have the Manhattan Project.”

“If it works,” Roosevelt replied.  “That’s a mighty big ‘if’ to roll the dice on the lives of millions of American servicemen.  Frankly, I’d rather it be Russian blood spilled in Japan than American.”

“Sir, we must look beyond the end of the war and—“

“Please,” Roosevelt said in a low voice.  He pulled the remnants of his cigarette out of the holder and slid another in, then extended it to Marshall who dutifully lit it.  “I can’t see beyond the end of war, George.  It’s been thirteen years.  I’m tired.  I’m sick.  My friend is lying here dying.  I’ll be gone soon enough.  Enact your Allegiance if you want, but by the time you do, I doubt there will be a need.”

Roosevelt leaned his head back against the rear of his wheelchair. “I am looking behind me.  And I am but a man.”

Should the SEALS be abolished?

I recently saw this question posed on Quora and it made me think. Let me start by answering with my opinion, which is NO. But . . .

It’s interesting to look at the history. Marcinko ended up in Federal Prison after he founded Red Cell. I’ve met the man, did booksignings with him, and even was asked to co-write some of his fiction, which I declined. I just didn’t agree with his leadership philosophy as set out in Rogue Warrior. Essentially it was “Do it MY way” not the Navy’s way. His rules took precedence over the legal rules. To me, that was a recipe for disaster which is bearing fruit now.

I’m not certain but I’ve heard that Admiral McRaven who commanded SOCOM and was a SEAL was assigned to 6 and asked to be transferred out due to the slack command culture.

I commanded a maritime operations SFODA. We were surface swim qualified after attending Danish Combat Swim School. Operating in the water is a unique environment and in SF one of our three lightning bolts stands for water infil and exfil. We were not trained for specific water missions such as ship take-down or oil rigs, etc. Those are SEAL specific mission. Operating on land is NOT. Afghanistan is a land-locked country. What are SEALs even doing there? There seems to be an attitude that one can easily transfer skills. I can testify that is not so.

Let’s start with the fact the SEALs are part of the Navy. I remember visiting the Naval Academy and being shocked at the culture difference between it and the Military Academy. My take: the midshipman were being trained to be in charge of things, not people. Whether it be ships, sub, planes, etc. I found the attitude about leading people somewhat lacking.

When we worked with the Navy there was a very strict line between officer and enlisted, much more than the regular army and far beyond what we have in SF. However, in SF, it is acknowledged that the team leader, an officer who has at least had a platoon command, if not a company, usually in Infantry, is in command. I don’t get that sense in the SEALs. The officers seem to defer to the senior enlisted. True, my team sergeant was much more experienced than me and I did rely a considerable amount on his, and the other NCOs, expertise but I saw those team leaders who sacrificed their professionalism to be buddies with their team get in big trouble and their teams screw up. That seems pervasive in the SEALs. I saw team leaders relieved over things that seem common among the SEAL community. I saw team leaders relieved on the spot, their careers over, for minor OPSEC violations. I saw one relieved for a tactical blunder during a training exercise. Another relieved during a mission briefback by the commander because, frankly, his team’s tactical plan was for shit and would’ve gotten people killed.

Frankly, I think the Navy views the SEALs as a foreign entity inside of it and doesn’t know how to deal with it. There was a hands off mentality for a long time that allowed many bad habits to fester. The recent trial showed big problems on both sides of the issue. Both among the Navy in their approach to the SEALS and vice versa.

I was out at Coronado a couple of years ago and was once more shocked at the attitude of the SEALs I met. There seemed little focus on the big picture. Very much a gung-ho, let’s go kill them attitude, sort of like Army Rangers, but Rangers are an extraordinarily disciplined unit. Talking to civilians in the area there were many stories about the SEAL community that did not reflect well.

Then, of course, we’ve had the proliferation of media about SEALs. When I was in SF we never even allowed our photos to be taken. We had pride in our unofficial motto of the Quiet Professionals. Some SEALs seem to crave the limelight. I say some because I do believe a minority are the cause of much of this. There are many, many true professional warriors in the ranks. But given recent events it seems as if the renegades are ruling.

I do not believe they should be abolished, but higher command in the military, particularly in SOCOM, need to get the SEALS back to the specific missions they are trained for and stop using them as substitutes for SF or Rangers. We all have different missions and are not interchangeable, particularly SF and SEALS. There have been SEAL units rotated in to take over SF FID missions which is ludicrous.

The rotation tempo of Special Ops cannot be sustained. That is a reality. There is no easy answer for that other than we wind down these never-ending ‘wars’ which aren’t wars. I’ve searched in vain for strategic goals for all these deployments and there are none with an end goal.

This is a command responsibility and that’s where the focus has to be. As with what happened in Niger with an SFODA getting ambushed and no one higher in the chain of command being held accountable, we need to focus on the leaders. They are responsible.

We’re asking too much of too few.

The New Scorses Movie is

based on this book. I HEARD YOU PAINT HOUSES is the supposed true story of a mafia hit man and the guy who took out Jimmy Hoffa. Read it years ago as my wife has thousands of what we call “murder and mayhem” books around the house. She is also the resident expert on the mafia and can trace all the connections between it and various politicians, businesses, banks, etc.

Scorsese has assembled an all star cast and it will be interesting to watch. He covers several decades and had to make some of the actors appear younger and that’s causing some stir.

I guess they didn’t find Hoffa’s body when they tore down the old Meadowlands. That was one of the favorite theories.

I think a story about the old mafia is pertinent because what we’re seeing in the present is a merging of governments, organized crime, and multinational corporations.

When President Theodore Roosevelt was reined in

By The Jefferson Allegiance and his daughter. A document brokered by Jefferson and Hamilton against the future threat of a president run amok. That’s the core idea of the book. Most of it is a thriller set present day to track down the Allegiance, but there are flashbacks to when just the threat of it stopped presidents. Here is the third:

4 March 1905

President Theodore Roosevelt listened to the sounds of revelry from the ballroom with deep satisfaction.  He had the people’s mandate now.  Even though he’d been President for three years, ever since McKinley was struck-down by an assassin in Buffalo in 1901, he’d felt a degree of lame-duck status.  He’d held power because of a single bullet, not the will of the people.  At least that’s what some had whispered.  Not swearing his oath of office on a Bible after McKinley expired had also caused great controversy, an oversight he had not repeated earlier today.

“Father.”

Roosevelt’s shoulders slumped as he heard the familiar voice.  He didn’t bother to turn.  “Yes, Baby Lee?”

“I come bearing greetings,” Alice Roosevelt said.

Roosevelt finally turned and faced his daughter.  She was his first born, but he had spent little time with her over her twenty years of life.  He supposed that had contributed to her independent spirit, to the point where many considered her out of control.  Sometimes he regretted abandoning her to relatives after her mother, his wife Alice, died two days after her birth.  But on the same day, his own mother had died, and the dual blows had been too much to take.  He’d headed west, losing himself on the frontier for several years with his grief.

“From whom?” Roosevelt asked.  Sometimes he missed those days, riding with Sheriff Bullock of Deadwood, hunting, ranching and just being out in nature.  Almost as much as he missed his first wife.  He never used her name and thus he never used his daughter’s given name, something he knew irritated her, but he could not bear the pain.

Alice was draped in a silk dress, risqué to say the least.  Roosevelt knew better than to say anything to her about it.  He’d been asked once by a visitor, after Alice interrupted a meeting in the Oval Office for the third time, whether he could control her.  He’d answered truthfully:  ‘I can either run the country or I can attend to Alice, but I cannot possibly do both.’

“From the American Philosophical Society.”

Roosevelt stiffened, focusing on his daughter.  “What do those old fools want?”

Alice almost twirled, the silk catching the light.  She’d bought enough of it on the recent junket to Japan and China to make a thousand dresses.  He did have to admit, though, that she had done well diplomatically, enchanting the Emperor of Japan and the Empress Dowager of China.  Of course, she’d also jumped into the ocean liner’s swimming pool fully clothed along with some fool congressman.  Wherever she went, scandal followed.

“They are not all old fools,” Alice said.

“Just tell me what they want so I can get back to the celebrations,” Roosevelt said, looking past her to the door leading to the election party.

“Ah, father,” Alice said, coming close and looking up at him with soulful eyes.  She had inherited her mother’s beauty, and sometimes he wondered if that’s why he kept his distance from her—the memory was too sharp, the pain too deep.  He averted his gaze.

“Yes?”

“I know this is your party, Father,” she said.  “But really, you’d want to be the bride at every wedding, the corpse at every funeral, and the baby at every christening.  You like the attention.”

“The old Philosophers,” he prodded, trying to get her back on task.  Her tongue was as sharp as her wit, and he bore many a scar from both.

“As I said, and you did not hear, being occupied with your own thoughts as always, they are all not so old anymore.  In fact, one is quite young.  The youngest ever elected Chair.”

“What fool did they pick?”

“And not just the youngest,” Alice said, with a smile that lit up the room, “but also the first woman.”

Roosevelt felt an icy feeling grow in his gut, much as he had felt in Yellowstone the first time he faced a grizzly.  “They didn’t.”

“They did.”

Roosevelt closed his eyes and sighed.  This was the last thing he would have expected.  Which is why, he knew, the guardians of the Allegiance had done it.  “What do they—you– want?” he demanded through gritted teeth.

Alice hopped up and sat on the lid of a grand piano, her legs dangling, exposing too much ankle.  “We know you inherited the Spanish-American War after McKinley’s untimely departure from this mortal coil.  We were not pleased with the ‘causus belli’ for that war.  ‘Remember the Maine,’ indeed.”  She peered at her father.  “You were under-secretary of the Navy at the time.  Perhaps you know something about that event you have not shared with your own daughter?”

“It was a Spanish mine,” Roosevelt snapped.  “There is nothing more to it.”

“A most convenient mine,” Alice said.  “We sense the long reach of the Cincinnatians.”  She waved a hand, dismissing that topic.  “The Allegiance has only been invoked once and even then, didn’t have to be used.  Another President was warned.  We see a dangerous trend, though.  Jefferson, Polk and Lincoln all superseded their authority.  Johnson did too, but he got impeached, simpleton that he was.  The Cincinnatians have pushed this country into illegal and unjust war more than once in their desire for an American Empire.  Much like the Romans did so long ago.”

Alice continued.  “But you have to allow those three earlier Presidents their motives.  Both Jefferson and Polk saw a threat to our country’s commerce:  Jefferson not wanting to lose access to New Orleans, and ending up with much more than he could have ever dreamed of in territory; Polk wanting access to San Francisco, and also ending up with much than he too could have ever dreamed of.  Lincoln’s motivation was to preserve the Union at any cost, although one might see an inherent paradox from the Founding Fathers in that.  The Confederacy was, after all, exercising its states’ rights to separate from the Union.  Something Jefferson would most likely have applauded.”

Roosevelt knew this was revenge.  For all those years he’d shuttled her from relative to relative.  He’d once tried to send her to a very proper school for girls in New York City, and she had sent back a letter promising:  ‘If you send me, I will humiliate you.  I will do something that that will shame you.  I tell you I will.’

And now she had done something far, far worse.

“You’ve won four more years, Father,” Alice said.  “Congratulations.  But we know what you have done and what you want to do.  The Philippines.  Colombia.  Honduras.  The Dominican Republic.  Cuba.  The Canal you want to have built.”  She laughed, a most pleasant sound, contrasting the words that came from her mouth.  “’Speak softly and carry a big stick.  You will go far’?”

“What do you want?” Roosevelt finally gave in, facing her directly.

“Jefferson wrote ‘Conquest is not in our principles.  It is inconsistent with our government.’  You seem to take the opposite point of view, Father.”

“What do you want?”

“We know you are popular.  We know confronting you with the Allegiance would be dangerous for the country.  So we offer a compromise.  You get four more years.  But we want you to publicly promise tonight, this very evening, that you will not run for re-election in nineteen-oh-eight.”

Roosevelt took a step back, as if he’d been hit by a bullet.  “You joke.”

“I’m afraid not, Father.  We will confront you if you don’t make the promise.  It will be a bloody mess, for both you and the country, if the military has to act after you are confronted.  You can spend the next four years enjoying your Presidency or defending it.”

“A lot can happen in four years,” Roosevelt said.

Alice nodded and hopped off the piano.  “I know, Father.  But I also know you.  I told the other Philosophers that if you gave your word, you would keep your word.”

A muscle rippled along the side of Roosevelt’s jaw.

Alice hooked her arm through his and propelled him toward the door.  “Come.  Let’s have you make the announcement, then join the party.”  She paused just before the door and looked up at him.  “After all, Father, four more years; certainly enough time for you to enjoy the Presidency.  And then you can go back to civilian life and enjoy your family.  Correct?”

With those last bitter words she shoved open the doors to the waiting crowd, that cheered upon seeing the newly elected President.

Free Book Now Thru 8/1

Chasing the Son (Green Berets) is free today through the 1st of August.

The book is set in the Low Country and I wrote it when we lived on Hilton Head Island. From our house facing the Intracoastal, we could see Dafuskie Island of Pat Conroy fame. I loved the Low Country. The Intracoastal was always fun to watch too, with the various ships going by.

Below is the blurb and the book, and some others, is HERE

Place, time and family. Three things that shape individuals. Sometimes with love. Other times with violence.

Former covert operative, Horace Chase, has just discovered he has a son; a son who fled the Military Institute of South Carolina a year and a half ago after being accused of murder. The victim is the grandson of the most powerful woman in Charleston, South Carolina, who has sworn vengeance.

Chase teams up with another former covert operative, Dave Riley, and one of Riley’s old CIA friends, Kate Westland, to find his son and uncover the truth. Barely into their investigation they become caught up in a land development deal for Daufuskie Island worth hundreds of millions.

Chase and Riley’s covert background has taught them many things, but the most valuable has been that nothing is ever as it appears as an old nemesis rears her head, hell bent on revenge against them both along with a good helping of greed.

And in the shadows hovers THE CELLAR, the agency that polices the world of covert operations.

One by one, the competitors for the land deal are being killed and the threat to Chase’s son grows. And nothing, not the present, not the past, and no one, are as they appear to be.

Who will be left standing?

Tattoos of New York Public Library Staff

I spent a great portion of my childhood in the New York Public Library. It was my home away from home. I knew the Dewey Decimal system and there were certain numbers, such as history, where I could go deeper inside to specific areas with certainty.

I remember finding a book with an intriguing cover one day and devouring it; racing back to find three more by the same author! Imagine my amazement decades later when I learned the single first book was actually an adaptation of three movies!

I remember those foreboding librarians; not quite at tough as the nuns at Our Lady of Perpetual Torture, but close. The library was always quiet and I reveled in that. It was only a few years ago I was diagnosed with Asperger’s and that helps explain why, in the bustle and constant sound of the Bronx, including the Dyre Avenue Line running a few blocks behind our house, that I sought out the quiet and dimness of the library. Plus the books. I devoured books as a child.

NYPL recently posted a page of librarian tattoos. Here’s the page for more, but below is a sample of people you’d not want to run into in a dark alley unless you had all your late fines paid up.

Why Does Propane Have An Odor?

We know its in order to smell leaks, but what happened that someone realized this needed to be done?

A terrible disaster. Unfortunately, that is usually the case. But that is why there is a gift in every failure. So that we learn.

In this case, the event was the New London Schoolhouse explosion.

“I did nothing in my studies nor in my life to prepare me for a story of the magnitude of that New London tragedy, nor has any story since that awful day equaled it.” Walter Cronkite

Propane doesn’t smell. It’s odorless in its natural state. But if there is a leak, you smell a nasty odor.

Ever wonder why?

It would have been fortuitous if this had been done as more and more buildings began to use propane and gas for heating. But no one thought of doing it until they realized they had to.

Lessons learned that save lives later, often come at high cost.

The Facts

On March 18, 1937, a gas leak was sparked, causing an explosion that killed approximately 293 students and teachers at the New London School in New London, Texas. It is still the deadliest school disaster in U.S. History.

The cascade events leading up to the explosio, and all the mistakes and bad decisions are in Stuff Doesn’t Just Happen: The Gift of Failure.

What was the most demanding military training you personally conducted?

Saw this question on Quora and it made me think. I went into Beast Barracks at West Point when I was seventeen and clueless. Then it seemed like my military career was filled with one more challenge after another as I sought them out.

First, once you’ve been through a getting hazed school and then served on cadre at one, you’re not as stressed by it because you know it’s a job on the part of the cadre, although there are occasionally sadists among the instructors. Interestingly, they were often the ones who screwed up the most as students and are venting.

For me, the key was high standards; not hazing.

Danish Fromandkorpset Combat Swim School was when I was in the best shape of my life. We’d prepared hard, camping on an island off the coast of Maine for several weeks, swimming every day, running, doing PT, small boat drills etc. to get ready. My team sergeant ran that because he’d been through Dive School and later was NCOIC down there. When we arrived they simply told us the tasks we’d have to accomplish to graduate and then trained and tested us. What’s interesting is I didn’t even know how to swim when I went to West Point (not a big thing in the Bronx). I went through Rock Squad and survival swimming at the Academy. In Denmark we learned such things as dry suits aren’t. The North Sea is very cold in November. I remember we were doing a pier infiltration one night, moving very slowly and I heard this strange noise and finally realized it was someone’s teeth chattering. I credit my team sergeant, Dave Boltz (RIP) in that every team member graduated, which was rare.

Beast Barracks, Ranger, etc. were stressful. Lack of sleep, lack of food, someone always on you. The entire plebe year as West Point is intense. The #1 thing you learn is time management.

The school with the lowest graduation rate was jumpmaster because you had to score 100% because gravity always win. We started with 84 Special Forces qualified guys and graduated 17. I could probably still do a JMPI–inspecting a jumper.

Mentally, Robin Sage, the last exercise in the Q-Course, was a mind-fuck. Lots of lose-lose scenario where the goal was to see how you thought on your feet. What makes the Q-Course special is that you cadre will be your team-mates down the line. So they take it damn serious.

The Green Beret Series