The Secret Life of the Zoo

My wife finds the most interesting things to watch and this one is our latest favorite. She always has the remote and she always finds shows that are off the beaten path.

It’s on The Animal Planet channel and about the Chester Zoo,the most popular zoo in the UK. The zoo has over 21,000 animals and there are700 people who work there. Each episode covers several animals and is interspersed with quick comments from the keepers.

You can obviously see the passion of the workers for the animals. You also see the joy and sadness of their job. The zoo has many endangered species and one of the keys is the cycle of life and death, particularly birth(watch the one where the giraffe gives birth).

Cool Gus definitely gives this four paws up for entertainment, learning and overall a feel-good show.

The Mistakes on Both Sides that led to Pearl Harbor

Abridged from Stuff Doesn’t Just Happen: The Gift of Failure.

I go through the seven Cascade Events that led to Pearl Harbor in detail in the book, but here they are listed:

  1. Political misunderstanding and maneuvers that backfired. Both sides misunderstood the objectives of the other.
  2. Military strategic planners in both countries seriously miscalculated each other. The Japanese over-estimated the United States’ Plan Orange. The United States under-estimated the Japanese potential for attack.
  3. Warnings were ignored and/or not given to those who needed to get the warnings.
  4. Tactical considerations worked both ways. The Japanese focused on destroying battleships while using their aircraft carriers which showed a serious blind spot in their tactics. Ultimately the war in the Pacific was a carrier war. The Americans though Pearl Harbor was too shallow for effective torpedo attack by plane.
  5. New technology was not used correctly. The United States failed to properly utilize radar.
  6. Timing is everything.
  7. At 7:48 am on December 7th, 1941, the Japanese Empire conducted a surprise assault on the island of Oahu, primarily focused on the American Pacific Fleet in the harbor, with a secondary objective of destroying military aircraft at outlying bases.

The final tally was:

Navy: 2,009 KIA; 710 wounded.

Army: 218 KIA; 364 wounded.

Marines: 109 KIA; 69 wounded.

Civilians: 68 killed; 35 wounded.


Navy: 92 destroyed; 31 damaged.

Army Air Corps (there was no separate Air Force branch at the time): 77 destroyed; 128 damaged.


Battleships: 2 destroyed; 6 damaged.

Cruisers: 0 destroyed; 3 damaged.

Destroyers: 0 destroyed, 3 damaged.

Auxiliaries: 1 destroyed, 4 damaged.

The United States came back from the devastation of the Pearl Harbor attack even faster than Admiral Yamamoto had feared. At the Battle of the Coral Sea, 7-8 May 1942, the Navy stopped the Japanese from advancing (although the Lexington was sunk). On at the Battle of Midway, 4-7 June 1942, the U.S. Navy delivered a devastating blow, sinking four Japanese carriers and turning the tide of the war.


A Tweet Actually Changed My Actions and Perhaps Saved My Life

I admit I tend to believe social media is mostly sound and fury signifying nothing and that no one changes their mind or their actions based on it. However, several months ago I saw a tweet where someone wrote that two friends had drowned over the weekend in an accident and they would have survived if they’d been wearing their life jackets. That made me stop and ponder.

I kayak a couple of times a week. While not required, I’ve always carried a life jacket anyway, stuffed behind the seat. After all, even if full of water, the kayak itself still floats; as Cool Gus proved in Puget Sound some years ago shortly after this photo was taken.

But that tweet made me think deeper about the issue.  I compared it to seat belts in cars. We’re required to wear them, not just have a car equipped with them. What are we going to do? See the accident coming and quickly buckle up?

When would I need a life jacket? In case of an accident. But the very nature of the word ‘accident’ means it would be an unexpected situation.  What good was the life jacket behind my seat going to do in that situation? Then I started thinking about various situations, aka, accidents. What if I got hit by a boat and knocked overboard unconscious? How much good would the jacket or even the still floating kayak do me?

I’ve graduated the Royal Danish Navy’s Fromandkorpset Combat Swim School, which is a nice way of saying I was very cold in the North Sea for several weeks and swam very long distances learning the fundamental rule that dry suits aren’t. But they also had one of their elite soldiers, the equivalent of Navy SEALs, drown during a mission while we were working with them because he was knocked unconscious by the concussion of an explosion.

The more I thought about various scenarios, much like we used to “war game” our missions in Special Forces during Isolation prior to deployment, the more I realized that not wearing the jacket was akin to driving without my seatbelt buckled.

From that day forward, even on the calmest times on the water, I started wearing the vest. The first thing I realized was that I didn’t have it adjusted correctly. So I had to do that and it would have been too late if I needed it in an emergency.

Then I thought about some other things. In Combat Swim school and during training and missions on my A-Team, which was maritime operations designated, we wore certain safety gear. A strobe light on our arm.  So I also added a waterproof strobe into a pocket on the life vest. Along with an emergency whistle and a waterproof Quikclot bandage (I’m a big fan of having one of these with me on any outdoor adventure such as kayaking and biking). And then I remembered the last time I flipped in deep water, thank you Cool Gus, in Puget Sound (picture above) and how very hard it is to move a water filled kayak. So I added swim fins to better be able to pull the kayak if I was far from shore and a hand pump.

Why was all this important? Normally I kayak on the placid TN River. But the other week I was kayaking down the much more turbulent Little River out of the Smoky Mountains. I hit a submerged rock a glancing blow and the kayak went over in swift and deep water. It took getting swept along quite a ways in rocky, white water, to be able to swim the water-logged kayak to shore. If I had not had my life vest on, the situation could have been even more perilous. Also, if I’d been hurt, I was in a ravine where I couldn’t be seen from the higher shoreline. No one would have known I was there, so the whistle could have come in handy.

Additionally, I have a tether for the paddle. That was fortunate because, at the very least, I would have lost my paddle. And there were a couple of times, as I was being battered and swept down river next to the kayak that I lost my grip on the kayak but still had hold of the paddle and the only thing that kept us connected was that tether. It’s a lot stronger than it looks. Here is an image of my kayak and the various gear including paddle, tether, life jacket, pump, waterproof container (with tether for my iPhone), water proof container with locking snap link for my wallet and keys. BTW– those waterproof containers worked and were important.

Bottom line, I managed to get to some rocks near the edge of the ravine. Filled with water, I couldn’t turn the kayak over or lift it out. So I spent a long time, waist deep in cold water, pumping it out before being able to lift it out to drain.

Via one tweet on social media I went through the three stages of change as I teach in my writing and prep/survival classes:

  1. Moment of enlightenment—two people died because they didn’t wear their life vests; I don’t wear mine.
  2. Make a decision—wear mine.
  3. Sustained action—always wear it.

This is why I tweet and post a lot of prep/survival stuff and have free slideshows for download. Because I can learn new things and pass on what I learn. Has anything you’ve encountered on social media changed an action for you?



Alpha– how did wolves evolve into dogs?

Dogs have a very unique role, not just as pets, but in the way they integrated themselves into human society long ago. They are descended from wolves, but are now rather different. But what happened? How did this genetic break begin and evolve?

The movie Alpha posits an interesting scenario. One that is believable, especially the fact that the human had to be different, not just the wolf, for those initial connections between two predators to take place. I constantly remind Cool Gus he is a predator and he reminds me to get his food bowl.

Some of the action was a bit over the top, particularly the fall and just a broken ankle– I could almost hear ribs shatter– but hey, poetic license. The photography was superb and I could well imagine an IMAX viewing would be spectacular. We kept wondering where it had been shot, initially positing Iceland. However, it was filmed in East Coulee and Dinosaur National Park near Alberta, Canada. Spectacular. The visuals alone are worth watching it.

Cool Gus gave it a very enthusiastic four paws up!

And yes, I know the links and pop ups on my web site are messed up. Apparently the plug in I had have evolved into a different version and I’m working on it!